Domestic Violence

What is Domestic Violence?

Within the four walls, the violence against women is quite high. Domestic violence against women is widely prevalent, but has remained largely invisible. Statistics show that 45% of Indian women are slapped, kicked or beaten by their husbands (International Center for Research on Women -ICRW 2002). 32% had committed acts of violence against their pregnant wives. Every 60 minutes a woman dies in India due to domestic violence. Women accept violence because social norms sanction them. At the same time, cultural conditioning and economic dependence prevent the majority of women leaving their marital homes. Though there is criminal law to prevent domestic violence, the recent civil law “Protection of women from Domestic Violence” is for providing relief, compensation and support to a woman.

Now check yourself whether you are facing Domestic violence:

If your husband or partner commits any of the following acts of violence against you or your child

  • Verbal and emotional violence
  • Insult –not attractive, not smart, doesn’t respect him/his parents
  • accusing/insulting your parents
  • Name – calling
  • Accusations on your character or conduct etc.
  • Insult for not having a male child
  • Insults for not bringing dowry etc.
  • Preventing you or a child in your custody from attending school, college or any other educational institutions
  • Preventing you from taking up a job
  • Forcing you to leave your job
  • Preventing you or a child in your custody from leaving the house
  • Preventing you from meeting any person in the normal course of events
  • Threat to commit suicide

Economic Violence

  • Not providing you MONEY for your maintenance or for your children maintenance
  • Not providing food, clothes, medicines etc., for you or your children
  • Stopping you from carrying on your employment
  • Not allowing you to take up on employment
  • Taking away your income from your salary, wages etc.
  • Not allowing you to use your salary wages etc.
  • Forcing you out of the house you live in
  • Stopping you from accessing or using any part of the house
  • Not allowing use of clothes, articles, or things of general household use
  • Not paying rent if you are staying in a rented accommodation etc.

Physical violence

  • Slapping
  • Beating
  • Hitting
  • Biting
  • Kicking
  • Punching
  • Pushing
  • Shoving or Causing bodily pain or injury in any other way

Sexual Violence

  • Forced sexual intercourse
  • Forced you to look at pornography or any other obscene pictures or material
  • Any act of sexual nature to abuse, humiliate or degrade you, or which is otherwise violating of your dignity or any other unwelcome conduct

Then you are a victim of Domestic Violence.

           Remember the Govt recently enacted Domestic Violence Act.

Salient features of the DV Act are:

  • PWDVA (Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act) seeks to cover all those women who are or have been in a domestic relationship with a man including live-in relationships, bigamous marriage and fraudulent marriages.
  • The Act gives the women the “Right to live” in the shared household.
  • Protection orders can be given by the magistrate to stop violence.
  • It provides counselling for both parties singly or jointly.
  • The act stipulates that within 3 days the case has to be registered and in 60 days all requisite relief measure to be given.

Whom to report domestic violence incident

  • Nearest Police station
  • Protection officer (Project director women and child welfare department of the Dist) Contact your local protection officer Service provider (appointed by the State Government)
  • Magistrate
  • If you don’t have shelter:- Nearest protection officer or service provider has to give a shelter in a shelter home.